Join Us

We are 218,169 members in 84 forums discussing 160,928 topics.

Help with Abbreviations

Topic: Interpreting Foundation One results

Forum: Genetic Testing —

ATM, BARD1, BRCA1, BRCA2, BRIP1, CDH1, CHEK2, NBN, NF1, PALB2, PTEN, RAD51C, RAD51D, STK11, TP53, and mismatch repair genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, EPCAM)

Posted on: Jan 20, 2020 10:16PM

Pingmama wrote:

hello everyone,

I hope this is right place for me to post this. My mom who is in Taipei, Taiwan recently paid for and received the foundation one test on her tumor. Unfortunately ALL the oncologist in Taiwan told her is that she still has “cancer in her blood but it should go away after radiation”.

We are completely unsure what this means and if it is even what the foundation one report she paid 3,000 dollars for is stating. Is there anyone out there that can help read the report or alternatively direct me somewhere I can get some help? I reached out to foundation one and they stated the following:

“We regret to inform you that for results interpretation, it will only be communicated to the Ordering Physician.

You may wish to reach out to the Ordering Physician to understand more regarding the test results.”


Super confusing and frustrating! Thank you for reading and your time.

Log in to post a reply

Page 1 of 1 (9 results)

Posts 1 - 9 (9 total)

Log in to post a reply

Jan 20, 2020 11:16PM - edited Jan 20, 2020 11:18PM by ShetlandPony

Hello, Pingmama. Actually, this is not the right thread, but let's see if we can help. This thread is about genetic testing to see if a person has, in their whole body, a genetic mutation that puts them at greater risk than average for breast cancer. But Foundation one is a genomic test of the cancer only; that is, a test for mutations in the tumor. The results can suggest which treatment drugs may work and which ones may not work.

Did your mom have Foundation One CDx which uses tissue from a biopsy, or Foundation One Liquid which uses a blood test? Will the doctor give your mom a copy of the report? Will he/she make an appointment so your mom can ask more questions? What stage breast cancer does she have?

There is information for patients on the company's web site. Click on “Patients".

https://www.foundationmedicine.com/patients#resources

2011 Stage I ILC 1.5cm grade1 ITCs sn Lumpectomy,radiation,tamoxifen. 2014 Stage IV ILC mets breast,liver. TaxolNEAD. Ibrance+letrozole 2yrs. Fas+afinitor nope. XelodaNEAD 2yrs. Eribulin,Doxil nope. SUMMIT FaslodexHerceptinNeratinib for Her2mut NEAD
Log in to post a reply

Jan 20, 2020 11:53PM Pingmama wrote:

hi, thanks so much for responding. I do have a copy of the report and it was foundation one liquid. unfortunately all the doctor said was above, he did not explain anything else. This is very typical of healthcare in Taiwan as it’s a semi universal healthcare system and they have only about 10 mins with each doctor they see. Staging is IIa, unless we factor in hormones then I think it’s IB? She’s Er/pr + and her- , tumor was 1.5 cm, 1/1 node

The staging is from my own research, they haven’t told her what stage for whatever reason- maybe not as important to the patients there).


I contacted them but they just wrote the reply above!

Log in to post a reply

Jan 21, 2020 12:18AM - edited Jan 21, 2020 12:56AM by ShetlandPony

So that was the liquid biopsy that detects circulating tumor cells in the blood and analyses them for mutations. When I had one of my liquid biopsies from a similar company (Guardant), the scientist explained that the reason not many mutations were detected was probably that there was a low volume of tumor, or because I was on chemo. So my guess is that the doctor means that with treatment, in your mom's case radiation, there will be less cancer detected in the blood and more mutations will have “no data". But that still confuses me, because if the doctor is talking about is whole breast radiation following lumpectomy, the tumor would have been removed already.

Did the doctor recommend this test? In my experience these tests are used for patients on continuous treatment for metastatic breast cancer, to help choose the next treatment when one stops working. But I can see how it might be useful in choosing adjuvant chemo or a targeted therapy to go along with hormonal therapy for early stage breast cancer. What mutations and suggested treatments show on the report?

What treatment has your mom had already, and what has been recommended? Did she have the Oncotype DX test to determine whether chemo is indicated?

2011 Stage I ILC 1.5cm grade1 ITCs sn Lumpectomy,radiation,tamoxifen. 2014 Stage IV ILC mets breast,liver. TaxolNEAD. Ibrance+letrozole 2yrs. Fas+afinitor nope. XelodaNEAD 2yrs. Eribulin,Doxil nope. SUMMIT FaslodexHerceptinNeratinib for Her2mut NEAD
Log in to post a reply

Jan 21, 2020 07:13AM Claire_in_Seattle wrote:

I know a bit about the Foundation One test, and it should be used to guide treatment, as well as uncover potential additional treatment options matched to the unique genomic alternations of the tumor. However, in order for the results to be actionable, you need to have someone who has experience using this type of testing. I would urge you to get a second opinion in this case.

Today, most breast cancer treatment is tailored to whether certain biomarkers are present, ER, PR or HER2. Genomic profiling takes this a step further.

Find an oncologist who is experienced using these test results. Because this could open up additional treatment options, which could be important to know about in deciding on a treatment plan. Or, it could be that radiation should be in itself sufficient. But you need to know this.

Wishing your mother good luck and a speedy recovery. - Claire

Completed all treatment (AC +T, lumpectomy, radiation and 5 years of AIs - anastrazole). Now celebrating every single day for the wonderful life I have been granted. Dx 8/2009, IDC, Left, 2cm, Stage IIB, Grade 3, 1/21 nodes, ER+/PR-, HER2- (FISH)
Log in to post a reply

Jan 21, 2020 08:13AM Pingmama wrote:

hi,

Yes she had a similar test to PAM50 done in Taiwan and said chemo was not needed. @shetlandpony I didn’t see any suggested treatments but I think the three mutations are attached? And yes she had her lumpectomy last month and will be started radiation in early February. Thank you again for your help

@claire thank you as well, it doesn’t seem her oncologist used the data at all / has any knowledge of it. unfortunately this seems to be the norm for healthcare in Taiwan and it’s super frustrating. Just order tests/reports and they don’t even explain them to the patients. Devil

Log in to post a reply

Jan 21, 2020 08:14AM Pingmama wrote:

Log in to post a reply

Jan 21, 2020 10:44AM ShetlandPony wrote:

Pingmama, that is not the main page. At the top right it says “Appendix. Variants of Unknown Significance” Unknown Significance means we do not know if these variants are harmful (pathogenic, deleterious) or not. So doctors typically do not make any recommendations based on them. Scientists do keep collecting data on people with these VUS, and sometimes they are eventually able to say whether the mutation is or is not pathogenic. I think most turn out not to be. But you may want to talk to a genetic counselor at a cancer center about these in order to keep an eye on this. The reason is that two of the mutations found in your mom’s tumor, ATM and CHEK2, can be not only in the tumor, but in all cells of the body; that is, a germline mutation. See the list at the top of this topic. A pathogenic germline mutation means the person may be at increased risk for various cancers, depending on the particular gene, and if so should have extra screening, etc. I found out about a harmful mutation in my family because it first showed up on my Foundation One report, but was a mutation that is often germline, not just in tumors (somatic mutation). This led us to get genetic testing, and the family members who have the mutation are taking steps to prevent and find any cancer early.

I am glad to hear your mom’s PAM50 showed her low risk and able to skip chemo. It sounds like she is on track with treatment. I am still not sure why Foundation One was ordered for her. If you can find the main pages, we can talk about them.

(Keep in mind that I am only an educated patient, not a doctor.)

2011 Stage I ILC 1.5cm grade1 ITCs sn Lumpectomy,radiation,tamoxifen. 2014 Stage IV ILC mets breast,liver. TaxolNEAD. Ibrance+letrozole 2yrs. Fas+afinitor nope. XelodaNEAD 2yrs. Eribulin,Doxil nope. SUMMIT FaslodexHerceptinNeratinib for Her2mut NEAD
Log in to post a reply

Jan 21, 2020 11:59AM Pingmama wrote:

@shetlandpony - wow thanks for that information. I so appreciate your input. You are spending more time explaining This to us than the actual oncologist. Smile I’ve attached the main page and other appendices here.




Log in to post a reply

Jan 22, 2020 10:45PM - edited Jan 22, 2020 10:51PM by ShetlandPony

The first page says “No reportable genomic alterations" and “No biomarker or genomic findings". That sounds like they found nothing other than those VUS, doesn't it? I do not find this surprising as your mom's tumor has been removed so presumably there is not much tumor DNA in her blood at this point, and also this is an early stage cancer. The fewer mutations, the better. As breast cancer progresses, it tends to acquire more mutations. (Over the years each of my genomic tests of metastatic breast cancer has shown more mutations than the previous test.)

The second page appears to be a list of the genes their test looks at.

The third page is too blurry for me to read well, but it seems to be technical specifications about the test.

So it looks to me like there isn't much to be done with this test as far as your mom's treatment. Do confirm this with the doctor.


P.S. In the future you can ask the doctor to have Foundation One tell you if anything more has been learned about those three VUS. I think that is called re-curating.

2011 Stage I ILC 1.5cm grade1 ITCs sn Lumpectomy,radiation,tamoxifen. 2014 Stage IV ILC mets breast,liver. TaxolNEAD. Ibrance+letrozole 2yrs. Fas+afinitor nope. XelodaNEAD 2yrs. Eribulin,Doxil nope. SUMMIT FaslodexHerceptinNeratinib for Her2mut NEAD

Page 1 of 1 (9 results)