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Topic: Breaking Research News from sources other than Breastcancer.org

Forum: Clinical Trials, Research News, Podcasts, and Study Results —

Share your research articles, interpretations and experiences here. Let us know how these studies affect you and your decisions.

Posted on: Nov 21, 2017 12:31AM - edited Nov 21, 2017 12:35AM by Lumpie

Lumpie wrote:

I watch for research news on breast cancer, treatments, etc., and frequently see interesting articles. There is a topic on BCO called "Breaking Research News from Breastcancer.org." One of the moderators suggested that another topic might be appropriate for posting links and synopses of reports on research found elsewhere. So here it is! Please post links to reports on research form reliable sources. Thanks for sharing!

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 01:33AM Lumpie wrote:

September 03, 2020

Blood test detects common cancer types 4 years before current screening methods

A novel blood-based assay demonstrated the ability to detect five cancer types up to 4 years earlier than current screening methods, according to study results published in Nature Communications.

The noninvasive PanSeer test (Singlera Genomics), which is based on DNA methylation, detected stomach, esophageal, colorectal, lung and liver cancer in 91% of asymptomatic individuals who were diagnosed with cancer 1 to 4 years later using standard detection methods.

"The ultimate goal would be performing blood tests like this routinely during annual health checkups,"..."But the immediate focus is to test people at higher risk, based on family history, age or other known risk factors."

...the current study, researchers analyzed plasma samples of 605 asymptomatic individuals, of whom 191 were diagnosed with stomach, esophageal, colorectal, lung or liver cancer up to 4 years after plasma collection.

With a specificity of 96% (95% CI, 93-98), the test detected cancer accurately in 88% (95% CI, 80-93) of post-diagnosis samples....it detected cancer in 95% (95% CI, 89-98) of asymptomatic individuals who were later diagnosed with cancer, although researchers noted that this result needs to be confirmed in larger studies.

we hope to proceed with a large prospective study of healthy individuals to determine if noninvasive cancer screening can reduce cancer deaths in a cost-effective manner."

{Not BC specific, but more encouraging news about blood-based assays.}

https://www.healio.com/news/hematology-oncology/20...


"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 01:46AM - edited Sep 4, 2020 10:55AM by Lumpie

I Was Right — How one doctor learned the importance of advocacy

Podcast {audio} episode called Infectious and {section on patient advocacy} starts at 12:10 on the podcast. It's from Brita Lundberg, MD, patient advocate and founder of Lundberg Health Associates in Boston.

https://www.medpagetoday.com/podcasts/anamnesis/87...

{Really interesting commentary - by a physician - on the importance of patient advocacy (she was advocating for her mom). Not BC specific. Relevant segment is about 15 minutes long. No charge to access but you may need to subscribe/sign in.}

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 10:54AM - edited Sep 4, 2020 11:33AM by Lumpie

Oncologists Were Paid To Prescribe Generic Chemotherapy (Here's Why It Didn't Change A Thing)

Forbes.com Aug 27, 2020,07:00am EDT

Peter Ubel (@peterubel) writes in Forbes about the challenges of increasing use of generic drugs, which could save cancer patients' out-of-pocket costs, because of incentives in the payment system. Even when an insurer offered an additional payment to oncologists to offset the loss of revenue of prescribing a generic drug, compared to a name-brand drug, the program failed to increase generic prescribing.

For many medicines... oncologists receive a 6% markup, meaning when they infuse a patient with a $10,000 monthly course of chemotherapy, their practice yields an extra $600. By contrast, if the practice treated that patient with a generic chemotherapy, they'd be out most of that extra money.

"We shouldn't simultaneously burden patients with high out-of-pocket costs while incentivizing physicians to prescribe unnecessarily expensive medications."

{Note on author perspective: In his book, Sick to Debt, Peter Ubel argues for a middle path between a market-based and a completely free system, Ubel envisions more transparent, smarter healthcare plans that tie the prices of treatments to the value they provide so that people can afford to receive the care they deserve.}

https://www.forbes.com/sites/peterubel/2020/08/27/...

{Obviously, this pertains to the U.S. only. I doubt other developed countries allow such perverse incentive schemes. But please let us know if yours does. In the meantime, I'd like more info on that "completely free" system.}

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 11:14AM morrigan_2575 wrote:

Our health care system is so screwed up 😡
Dx 1/20/2020, DCIS/IDC, Right, 4cm, Stage IIA, Grade 2, ER+/PR+, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 2/4/2020 Carboplatin (Paraplatin), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 2/4/2020 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Targeted Therapy 2/4/2020 Perjeta (pertuzumab) Surgery 6/18/2020 Mastectomy: Left, Right; Reconstruction (left): Tissue expander placement; Reconstruction (right): Tissue expander placement Dx 6/19/2020, DCIS/IDC, Right, <1cm, Stage IA, Grade 2, 1/3 nodes, ER+/PR+, HER2+ Targeted Therapy 7/5/2020 Kadcyla (T-DM1, ado-trastuzumab) Radiation Therapy 8/9/2020 Whole-breast: Breast, Lymph nodes, Chest wall
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Sep 4, 2020 11:32AM Lumpie wrote:

morrigan_257: I concur! Sad.

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 11:47AM Lumpie wrote:

ASCO 2020: Immune Profiling of Tumor Microenvironment Predicts Overall Survival in Breast Cancer Brain Metastases

The findings may help identify which patients could potentially benefit from immunotherapy

September 01, 2020

"Brain metastases represent one of the major unmet needs in metastatic breast cancer," lead author Gaia Griguolo, MD, of the University of Padova in Italy, told Elsevier's PracticeUpdate. "Brain involvement is frequent in breast cancer and usually carries a poor prognosis. Even if the central nervous system has been traditionally considered an immune-privileged sanctuary for cancers, recent data from patients with other solid tumors treated with immunotherapy have challenged this dogma by showing intracranial activity of immunotherapy agents."

Dr. Griguolo went on to explain that an "understanding of the biological processes, and more specifically immune interactions, sustaining breast cancer brain metastases is still limited, as only a small number of studies have tested the role of the immune system in brain metastasis, and the majority of them included patients with a variety of solid tumors, not just breast cancer. Our effort [was] to generate biological knowledge regarding the immune microenvironment of brain metastases, … in order to understand if these immunological interactions are or are not subtype-specific, and to identify potential biomarkers."

Of the 60 brain metastases samples included in the study, 18 (31.0%) were classified as triple-negative breast cancer, 19 (32.8%) were HR-positive/HER2-negative, and 21 (36.2%) were HER2-positive.

After a median follow-up of 42.6 months, 35 patients (58.3%) had died. Median OS was 33.4 months (95% confidence interval 22.2–not reached). Breast cancer subtype was the only clinical variable associated with OS. Median OS was 9.4 months for triple-negative breast cancer patients, 33.4 months for HR-positive/HER2-negative patients, and 53.0 months for HER2-positive patients (P = .01).

...we have identified two immune characteristics with relevant prognostic impact: CD4/CD8 and FOXP3/CD8 ratio in the stroma and density of granzyme B+CD8+ cells in the tumor area in triple-negative breast cancer. These observations support, from a biological point of view, the inclusion at least of triple-negative breast cancer patients with brain metastases in clinical trials evaluating immunotherapy agents," concluded Dr. Griguolo.

"Our next step will be to assess, using a specifically designed [multiplex immunofluorescence] panel, the expression of immune checkpoints in these same samples, in order to identify therapeutically actionable targets," she added.

https://www.practiceupdate.com/c/101957/67/13/?els...

{No charge to access but may require registration/sign in.}

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 11:53AM Lumpie wrote:

HER2 Expression on Tumor-Derived Extracellular Vesicles and CTCs

Journal Scan / Research · August 25, 2020

  • This study retrospectively reanalyzed stored peripheral blood samples from 114 patients with metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer for the presence of HER2 expression in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (tdEVs). The inclusion of anti-HER2 targets increased the detection of one CTC in a given sample from 89% to 95%. Interestingly, HER2 was detected in CTCs and tdEVs that express cytokeratin, which is often used to enhance CTC detection. Additionally, a preselected ROC target of 7% HER2+ CK+ tdEVs predicted HER2 expression with 74% sensitivity and specificity when compared with the HER2 amplification status of the primary tumor sample.
  • CTC and tdEV heterogeneity in the blood of patients is inversely associated with overall survival.
  • These results should be validated with prospective, large-scale analysis of patient samples. However, they present an encouraging prospect for screening for the presence of HER2 based on liquid biopsy.
https://www.practiceupdate.com/c/105067/67/13/?els...
https://breast-cancer-research.biomedcentral.com/a...
https://doi.org/10.1186/s13058-020-01323-5
{Open access}
"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 01:41PM - edited Sep 4, 2020 01:46PM by Lumpie

PBS NewsHour: The Best Health Care? America & the World

The presidential election will determine the course of the U.S. health care system — the most expensive system in the world, brimming with innovation but one that also leaves more than 30 million uninsured. This special series explores how the U.S. health care system stacks up with the rest of the world.

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/series/the-best-healt...

{Video. Free access. 5 segments, each of about 8 to 10 minutes duration.}

Try this 8 question, related quiz: WHAT DOES HEALTH CARE COST AROUND THE WORLD?

https://www.pbs.org/newshour/features/health-cost-...

{It's insightful.}

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 02:10PM Lumpie wrote:

Veliparib With Carboplatin and Paclitaxel in BRCA-Mutated Advanced Breast Cancer
The Lancet Oncology September 03, 2020
  • This large phase III trial demonstrated that the addition of veliparib (vs placebo) to carboplatin and paclitaxel in more than 500 patients with HER2-negative, germline BRCA mutation–associated breast cancer was well-tolerated and led to improved progression-free survival.
  • Overall survival was similar in the interim analysis, but further follow-up will be needed.
https://www.practiceupdate.com/C/105768/56?elsca1=...
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/...(20)30447-2/fulltext

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30447-2

{Press summary which includes MO commentary, free. Registration/log-in may be required; article abstract available free. Full access requires, purchase or subscription.}
"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 04:17PM Lumpie wrote:

Efficacy of Eribulin for Metastatic Breast Cancer Based on Localization of Specific Secondary Metastases

Published in Metastatic Breast Cancer September 01, 2020

  • In this post hoc analysis of 1864 pretreated patients with locally advanced/metastatic breast cancer who were treated with eribulin, the authors determined that eribulin was effective independent of metastatic location at baseline. Among patients with bone, lymph node, and chest wall/breast/skin metastases at baseline, there was a small but significant overall survival benefit for patients who received eribulin versus control treatment. Improved overall survival was also observed in patients with liver metastases who received eribulin.
  • These findings suggest that eribulin has benefits for patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer with metastases to bone, liver, lung, lymph node, and chest wall/breast/skin.
https://www.practiceupdate.com/c/104225/67/13/?els...
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-66980-0
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66980-0
{Open access}
"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 04:22PM - edited Sep 4, 2020 04:33PM by Lumpie

Emerging Treatment Strategies for Breast Cancer Brain Metastasis

Published in Metastatic Breast Cancer - August 31, 2020

In this review, the authors discuss currently available clinical treatment options and emerging strategies for patients with breast cancer brain metastases.

Abstract

Systemic therapies for primary breast cancer have made great progress over the past two decades. However, oncologists confront an insidious and particularly difficult problem: in those patients with metastatic breast cancer, up to 50% of human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)-positive and 25–40% of triple-negative subtypes, brain metastases (BM) kill most of them. Fortunately, standard- of-care treatments for BM have improved rapidly, with a decline in whole brain radiation therapy and use of fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery as well as targeted therapies and immunotherapies. Meanwhile, advances in fundamental understanding of the basic biological processes of breast cancer BM (BCBM) have led to many novel experimental therapeutic strategies. In this review, we describe the most recent clinical treatment options and emerging experimental therapeutic strategies that have the potential to combat BCBM.

Commentary by Lillie D Shockney RN, BS, MAS, ONN-CG re merits of proactive screening.

https://www.practiceupdate.com/c/104222/67/13/?els...

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/175883592...

https://doi.org/10.1177/1758835920936151

{Open access}


"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 06:30PM - edited Sep 4, 2020 06:30PM by Lumpie

Targeting HER2 in Breast Cancer Patients With Brain Metastases
Video Interview with Lee S. Schwartzberg MD, FACP
Run time 5:12
Discusses systemic therapy, radiation therapy, and surgical options. Referrencs hippocampal sparing.
https://www.practiceupdate.com/c/102115/67/13/?els...


"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 06:46PM AlabamaDee wrote:

Great news about Eribulin Lumpie. Thanks for posting that. It is in my bucket.

the hard part is reading the median OS numbers.

difference in OS was also seen in patients with liver metastases randomized to eribulin versus control (median: 13.4 versus 11.3 months,

😢 2 extra months in overall survival is statistically good but only a median of 13.4 months prolonged OS I guess I should be happy that I am at 17 months and counting and still haven’t achieved PFS

Dee

Primary neuroendocrine breast cancer, on SERD trial ARV-471, failed Pfizer’s CDK 2/4/6 trial after 8 weeks Dx 5/23/2013, Right, 1cm, Stage IIB, Grade 2, 1/22 nodes, ER+/PR+, HER2- (FISH) Chemotherapy 7/29/2013 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Dx 4/2019, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER+/PR+, HER2- Targeted Therapy 10/8/2020 Radiation Therapy External Chemotherapy Doxil (doxorubicin) Targeted Therapy Afinitor (everolimus) Hormonal Therapy Faslodex (fulvestrant) Hormonal Therapy Arimidex (anastrozole), Aromasin (exemestane), Fareston (toremifene), Femara (letrozole) Hormonal Therapy Faslodex (fulvestrant) Targeted Therapy Verzenio Chemotherapy Xeloda (capecitabine)
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Sep 4, 2020 06:58PM BlueGirlRedState wrote:

While it might not apply to the ER+, HER-, it is comforting that it can beeeee synthetically produced and that stinging not necessary. There was a study about rattlesnake venom a while back, have not heard anything about it recently. Hopefully biting won't be required.

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Sep 4, 2020 07:01PM Lumpie wrote:

AlabamaDee : I hear ya! Sometimes it's two steps forward, one step back. Ya think... 2 months? That's all? But 2 months beats 0 months, as long as the QOL is pretty good. Hoping we get some better traction. I don't seem to be having much luck getting to progression free either. Hoping for improvement asap on that front! Hang in htere.

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 07:09PM Lumpie wrote:

New Therapy Targets Breast Cancer Metastases In Brain

On Aug 26, 2020

Combination therapy reduces tumor size, dramatically improves survival in mice

CHICAGO — When breast cancer spreads to the brain, the prognosis is grim. Patients only have about six months to live.

Women with HER2-positive breast cancer tend to develop brain metastases in up to 55% of cases. Chemotherapy drugs targeting breast cancer cells in the brain aren't effective, because they can't cross the blood-brain-barrier.

But a new combination therapy targeting breast cancer tumors in the brain dramatically decreased tumor size and increased survival in a study with mice, reports a new Northwestern Medicine study. An estimated 75% of mice that had brain metastases from breast cancer were cured and cancer-free after the therapy.

"The new combination therapy we identified can cross the blood-brain barrier," said lead study author Dr. Maciej Lesniak, Northwestern Medicine chair of neurological surgery and professor of neurosurgery at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. "The therapy also targets brain metastases and significantly improves survival."

The paper will be published on August 26 in Science Translational Medicine.

The two drugs are tubulin inhibitor, vinorelbine, approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and available in clinics, and bromodomain inhibitor, I-BET-762, FDA approved for clinical trials. The bromodomain inhibitor increased βIII-tubulin, a protein found in cancer cells that metastasize to the brain. Overexpression of βIII-tubulin sensitized cancer cells to be killed by vinorelbine.

"The findings of our work set the stage for a clinical trial, whereby patients with breast cancer brain metastases can be treated with the combination of these two drugs," Lesniak said. "This will offer patients with breast cancer brain metastases, who have been systematically excluded from clinical trials, the chance to benefit from a new therapeutic regimen that has been proven to be strongly effective in experimental settings."

Breast cancer spreads to other organs like brain, lung and bone. The metastasis of breast cancer to the brain is a terminal disease and the deadliest complication.

There is a lack of targeted therapies for breast cancer brain metastases, said first study author Deepak Kanojia, research associate in neurological surgery at Feinberg.

"Patients with brain metastases are often excluded from clinical trials due to their poor outcomes and dismal survival," Kanojia said. "Regular systemic therapies, like Herceptin, do not cross the blood-brain-barrier efficiently, and offer no benefit in brain metastases," he said.

How the study worked

Scientists developed a mouse model that can grow multiple brain metastases to simulate what happens in human patients. They injected tumor cells in the intracarotid artery, resulting in the formation of multiple brain tumors. After the tumors grew, scientists treated the mice with the combination therapy. Final results revealed that 75% of the mice that were treated with the combination were cured and cancer-free.

https://scienmag.com/new-therapy-targets-breast-ca...

https://stm.sciencemag.org/content/12/558/eaax2879

DOI: 10.1126/scitranslmed.aax2879

{Open access}


"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 07:23PM Lumpie wrote:

BlueGirlRedState: I, too, am anti-bite! A few years ago, there were studies about injecting chemo directly into tumors using transcutaneous needle/catheter (much like a biopsy). I gather they were not successful, although I do not know the details. If the bee venom moves toward clinical trials, I will be interested in knowing how they propose to administer it.

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 08:36PM illimae wrote:

Lumpie, thanks so much for all your work here. I see my MO Tuesday to discuss possibly moving to the Tucatinib, Xeloda, Herceptin combo or maybe a trial for brain mets I love having some knowledge about these things before the follow ups, you all never fail to spread the word and keep up up to date.

Diagnosed at 41 Stage IV De Novo Dx 11/16/2016, IDC, Left, 5cm, Stage IV, metastasized to bone, Grade 3, 3/13 nodes, ER+/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Targeted Therapy 1/1/2017 Perjeta (pertuzumab) Chemotherapy 1/2/2017 Abraxane (albumin-bound or nab-paclitaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/2/2017 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Surgery 6/26/2017 Lumpectomy: Left; Lymph node removal: Underarm/Axillary Radiation Therapy 8/10/2017 Breast, Lymph nodes Dx 10/5/2017, IDC, Left, 5cm, Stage IV, metastasized to brain, Grade 3, 3/13 nodes, ER+, HER2+ (IHC) Radiation Therapy 10/19/2017 External: Brain Radiation Therapy 4/18/2018 External: Brain Radiation Therapy 5/23/2019 External: Brain Surgery 1/22/2020 Radiation Therapy 2/16/2020 External: Brain Radiation Therapy 7/20/2020 External: Bone Radiation Therapy 12/4/2020 External: Brain Targeted Therapy Tukysa (tucatinib) Chemotherapy Xeloda (capecitabine) Hormonal Therapy Tamoxifen pills (Nolvadex, Apo-Tamox, Tamofen, Tamone)
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Sep 4, 2020 08:44PM Lumpie wrote:

Thanks for your kind words, illimae - and good luck at your follow-up.

My MO + 2nd opinion both pushed Enhertu vs the Tucatinib, Xeloda, Herceptin combo. I think the sequencing is still subject to some debate. I couldn't find any good trials that met my needs this go-round, but I am encouraged that there seems to be some brain mets research going on.

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 4, 2020 08:49PM illimae wrote:

I wish you the best luck with whatever you decide next and I’ll post any new details about the treatment changes or trial on the brain mets thread after my meeting. Enjoy your weekend 🙂

Diagnosed at 41 Stage IV De Novo Dx 11/16/2016, IDC, Left, 5cm, Stage IV, metastasized to bone, Grade 3, 3/13 nodes, ER+/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Targeted Therapy 1/1/2017 Perjeta (pertuzumab) Chemotherapy 1/2/2017 Abraxane (albumin-bound or nab-paclitaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/2/2017 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Surgery 6/26/2017 Lumpectomy: Left; Lymph node removal: Underarm/Axillary Radiation Therapy 8/10/2017 Breast, Lymph nodes Dx 10/5/2017, IDC, Left, 5cm, Stage IV, metastasized to brain, Grade 3, 3/13 nodes, ER+, HER2+ (IHC) Radiation Therapy 10/19/2017 External: Brain Radiation Therapy 4/18/2018 External: Brain Radiation Therapy 5/23/2019 External: Brain Surgery 1/22/2020 Radiation Therapy 2/16/2020 External: Brain Radiation Therapy 7/20/2020 External: Bone Radiation Therapy 12/4/2020 External: Brain Targeted Therapy Tukysa (tucatinib) Chemotherapy Xeloda (capecitabine) Hormonal Therapy Tamoxifen pills (Nolvadex, Apo-Tamox, Tamofen, Tamone)
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Sep 4, 2020 11:52PM Lumpie wrote:

Dr. Pegram on the DESTINY-Breast01 Trial With Trastuzumab Deruxtecan in HER2+ Breast Cancer OncLive - August 27, 2020

{Watch the video at link below. Runtime @ 2:25. Transcript:}

Mark D. Pegram, MD, co-director of Stanford's Molecular Therapeutics Program, and director of the Breast Cancer Oncology Program, at Stanford Women's Cancer Center, discusses the results of the phase 2 DESTINY-Breast01 study examining fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (Enhertu; DS-8201) in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer.

Trastuzumab deruxtecan is a HER2 antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) that is based on a backbone sequence of trastuzumab (Herceptin), which is covalently linked to a topoisomerase 1 inhibitor payload exatecan derivative by a tetrapeptide-based cleavable linker, says Pegram. This agent is unique, with many attributions that distinguish it from ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1; Kadcyla). For example, T-DM1 has about 3.5 molecules per payload per antibody backbone, whereas trastuzumab deruxtecan has a drug-to-antibody ratio of 8, adds Pegram.

The DESTINY-Breast01 study was a 2-part, open-label, single-group, multicenter, phase 2 study. In the first part of the study, 3 doses of trastuzumab deruxtecan were evaluated in order to identify a recommended phase 2 dose, which was determined to be 5.4 mg/kg given intravenously every 3 weeks. In the second part of the study, the efficacy and safety of the recommended dose was documented, says Pegram. Overall, 184 patients were enrolled and they had undergone a median of 6 previous treatments prior to study enrollment.

The overall response rate (ORR) in this heavily pretreated population was 60.9%; this is the highest ORR reported for a single-agent HER2-targeted therapy in such heavily pretreated patients, according to Pegram. The disease control rate was 97.3% at the time of data presentation, adds Pegram. The durability of response with the ADC was also impressive, according to Pegram, with a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 16.4 months.

Moreover, a subset analysis of the trial looked at 24 patients with central nervous system metastasis and showed that the ORR in that subset was approximately 58% with a median PFS of 18.1 months, which is very similar to what had been observed in the intention-to-treat populations. Once the ADC received regulatory approval from the FDA, it became a new practice standard, concludes Pegram.

https://www.onclive.com/view/dr-pegram-on-the-dest...


"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 5, 2020 05:39AM Karenfizedbo15 wrote:

Lumpie, picked up your post re brain mets and immediately thought Mae would be keen to see this.....scroll down and there she is! Just know that there’s a whole wee community here who really appreciate you!

Surgery 9/6/2007 Lymph node removal: Underarm/Axillary; Mastectomy: Right; Reconstruction (right): Latissimus dorsi flap Dx 4/2018, IDC, Right, Stage IV, metastasized to lungs, 1/17 nodes, ER+/PR+, HER2- Dx 2021, Stage IV, metastasized to bone Chemotherapy 2/3/2021 Xeloda (capecitabine) Hormonal Therapy Femara (letrozole) Hormonal Therapy Faslodex (fulvestrant) Targeted Therapy Ibrance (palbociclib)
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Sep 5, 2020 07:10AM - edited Sep 5, 2020 07:11AM by morrigan_2575

"There was a study about rattlesnake venom a while back, have not heard anything about it recently. Hopefully biting won't be required"

I'm equally terrified and fascinated by Snakes so I've been following this and, no updates.

However, if it takes a bite, I'll sign up 😁

Reality though it won't take a bite, I don't know if it can be synthesized so I wonder (if it actually works) if there's going to be snake milking farms in the future 😃

I do love the fact that people are looking at animals (bees, snakes), our immune system, and recycling other drugs as Cancer treatment. There are so many drugs that have beneficial effects they're not designed for.

Dx 1/20/2020, DCIS/IDC, Right, 4cm, Stage IIA, Grade 2, ER+/PR+, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 2/4/2020 Carboplatin (Paraplatin), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 2/4/2020 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Targeted Therapy 2/4/2020 Perjeta (pertuzumab) Surgery 6/18/2020 Mastectomy: Left, Right; Reconstruction (left): Tissue expander placement; Reconstruction (right): Tissue expander placement Dx 6/19/2020, DCIS/IDC, Right, <1cm, Stage IA, Grade 2, 1/3 nodes, ER+/PR+, HER2+ Targeted Therapy 7/5/2020 Kadcyla (T-DM1, ado-trastuzumab) Radiation Therapy 8/9/2020 Whole-breast: Breast, Lymph nodes, Chest wall
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Sep 5, 2020 09:27AM NorCalS wrote:

Hi.

I posted my question regarding the following Clinical trial on a vaccine for TNBC, in the TNBC forum, but was also hoping for any input on vaccine clinical trials for any type of BC.

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03012100


I am interested to know about side effects, efficacy, etc. Any input would be appreciated

Dx: 06/2019, left breast, ER/PR-, Her2-. Treatment: 06/2019 - 11/2019 AC/T. Surgery: Lumpectomy with axillary dissection in 12/2019. Radiation: 01/2020-03/2020. Xeloda - 03/2020-09/2020
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Sep 5, 2020 11:29AM Lumpie wrote:

Karenfizedbo15: Thank you! Made my day!

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 5, 2020 11:32AM Lumpie wrote:

New Era for Targeting HER2 Beckons in Breast Cancer and Beyond

OncLive - September 3, 2020

Precision medicine advancements are opening a new chapter in the development of anticancer therapies that target the HER2 pathway, resulting in 3 approvals for breast cancer in less than a year and raising hopes for attacking other cancer types.

In the breast cancer arena, the FDA approved 2 new drugs, fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (Enhertu) and tucatinib (Tukysa), and an expanded indication for neratinib (Nerlynx).1-3 Margetuximab, a novel monoclonal antibody (mAb), is hot on their heels, with developer MacroGenics seeking approval following promising phase 3 outcomes.4-6

Efforts to expand HER2-targeted therapy into other HER2-positive cancer types have met with less success over the years. Except for trastuzumab (Herceptin) in gastric cancer,7 there are no approvals outside of breast cancer, and multiple clinical trial failures have underscored that all HER2positive cancers are not created equal.8

Now, however, ongoing clinical trials of novel HER2-targeted therapies in gastric, colorectal (CRC), and non–small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) are showing promise.9-12

Meanwhile, investigators are exploring the role of HER3, which preferentially partners with HER2 to drive oncogenic signaling in propelling resistance to HER2-targeted therapy.13-15 To date, HER3-targeted mAbs have demonstrated limited clinical efficacy, but the development of a HER2-HER3 bispecific antibody is generating early enthusiasm.16,17

Overall, a variety of approved and novel therapies are in the pipeline for targeting HER2 in a range of tumor types (see Table).

https://www.onclive.com/view/new-era-for-targeting...

{This lengthy article covers a number of interesting topics from new HER2 therapies to targeting HER3 and use of anti-HER2 therapies in the tx of other cancers. THanks for my friend Jackie for the link. Free access.}

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 5, 2020 11:34AM BevJen wrote:

In today's Washington Post (cross posted with are you on a clinical trial):

In a small bottom of the page article in today's Washington Post, it said that AbbVie has struck a deal on a cancer drug with a Chinese drug developer, I-Mab. Abbvie is getting the exclusive global license to develop and sell the Chinese company's cancer-fighting drug known as lemzoparlimab, also known as TJC4, which is an antibody used to treat multiple forms of cancer. According to the article, the drug therapy targets a "do not eat me" signal that allows cancer cells to avoid being targeted by a patient's immune system, blocking the signal to allow the immune system to "engulf and eradicate the malignant cells." Apparently, the Chinese company also has two other antibodies based upon the same drug, and AbbVie will develop those as well.

Microwave Ablations of the Liver: 7/2019; 10/2020; 12/2020 Dx 11/2003, ILC, Left, Stage IIIC, 13/18 nodes, ER+/PR+, HER2- Dx 6/2006, ILC, Stage IV, metastasized to other, ER+, HER2- Dx 5/2019, ILC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER+/PR+, HER2- Surgery 7/5/2019 Targeted Therapy 7/31/2019 Ibrance (palbociclib) Immunotherapy Radiation Therapy Surgery Lymph node removal: Left, Sentinel; Mastectomy: Left, Right; Reconstruction (left): Pedicled TRAM flap; Reconstruction (right): Pedicled TRAM flap Chemotherapy TAC Hormonal Therapy Faslodex (fulvestrant) Hormonal Therapy Tamoxifen pills (Nolvadex, Apo-Tamox, Tamofen, Tamone) Surgery Lymph node removal; Mastectomy; Reconstruction (left): Pedicled TRAM flap; Reconstruction (right): Pedicled TRAM flap Hormonal Therapy Femara (letrozole)
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Sep 5, 2020 11:42AM moth wrote:

Oh interesting BevJen. I was just reading somewhere a brief mention about research on phagocytes being recruited. Sounds like someone has a working phagocyte stimulant with the lemzoparlimab. Phagocytes are some of my favourite cells from when I studied cell biology

I just want these drugs avail quickly on the market!
Initial dx at 50. Seriously???? “Sometimes the future changes quickly and completely and we’re left with only the choice of what to do next." blog: nevertellmetheodds2017.tumblr.... Dx 12/2017, IDC, Left, 1cm, Stage IA, Grade 3, 0/5 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2- (IHC) Surgery 12/12/2017 Lumpectomy: Left; Lymph node removal: Sentinel Chemotherapy 2/14/2018 AC + T (Taxol) Radiation Therapy 8/13/2018 Whole-breast: Breast Dx 2/2020, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver/lungs, Grade 3, ER-/PR-, HER2- Chemotherapy 3/18/2020 Taxol (paclitaxel) Immunotherapy 3/19/2020 Tecentriq (atezolizumab) Chemotherapy 11/26/2020 Abraxane (albumin-bound or nab-paclitaxel) Dx 12/10/2020, IDC, Right, Stage IV, metastasized to lungs, Grade 3, ER+/PR-, HER2- (IHC) Radiation Therapy 12/10/2020 External Hormonal Therapy 12/16/2020 Femara (letrozole) Dx 1/28/2021, IDC, Left, Stage IV, metastasized to bone, Grade 3
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Sep 5, 2020 12:21PM Lumpie wrote:

NorCalS : Many of us hold out hope for vaccines, both as prevention and to stimulate immune response in advanced cancers.

Well, I just wrote a long and detailed response that the page ate. Moral of this story: save your work. I will do what I can to recreate:

Official trial page: NCT03012100

Multi-epitope Folate Receptor Alpha Peptide Vaccine, GM-CSF, and Cyclophosphamide in Treating Patients With Triple Negative Breast Cancer

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03012100

This trial is still recruiting, and I cannot find that it has reported any results yet.

Completion date: July 31, 2021

Required reporting date : July 31, 2022, midnight

Here are a couple of pages that give status reports on the trial. You should also be able to get this on the trial page but sometimes these have a friendlier format:

http://fdaaa.trialstracker.net/trial/NCT03012100/

https://www.massgeneral.org/cancer-center/clinical-trials-and-research/clinical-trial-detail.page?p=18-078&nct=NCT03012100

If you are interested in breast cancer vaccines, I located this table of bc vaccine trials:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340364/table/t3-bctt-11-053/

Published online 2019 Jan 17. doi: 10.2147/BCTT.S175360

If you are interested in reading about the rationale for breast cancer vaccines, this may be of interest:

Rationale for immunological approaches to breast cancer therapy

https://www.thebreastonline.com/article/S0960-9776(17)30477-0/pdf

DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.breast.2017.06.009

This article references the trial and discusses the rationale for the research:

Folate receptor alpha expression associates with improved disease-free survival in triple negative breast cancer patients

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41523-020-0147-1#citeas

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41523-020-0147-1

Similar here:

Trial Watch: Immunostimulation with recombinant cytokines for cancer therapy

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2162402X.2018.1433982

https://doi.org/10.1080/2162402X.2018.1433982

And here:

Design of an Epitope-Based Vaccine Ensemble for Animal Trypanosomiasis by Computational Methods

https://www.mdpi.com/2076-393X/8/1/130/review_report

https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines8010130

Here is coverage of the trial in the popular press:

https://www.fox5atlanta.com/news/vaccine-could-prevent-breast-ovarian-lung-cancer

I believe that all references cited allow free access. This should be enough to keep any of us reading for a while! Bon chance!

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast
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Sep 5, 2020 12:45PM Lumpie wrote:

Here is a link to the WaPo article BevJen referenced above:

AbbVie strikes deal on Chinese cancer treatment drug that may be worth $2.9 billion

https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/ab...

The article calls the drug lemzoparlimab and TJC4 but neither of those comes up when I search the clinical trials.gov database.

Here is the Abbvie press release on the deal:

https://news.abbvie.com/news/press-releases/abbvie...

Also, the OncLive article posted above,

New Era for Targeting HER2 Beckons in Breast Cancer and Beyond

OncLive - September 3, 2020

discusses a drug "conditionally approved in China" but it seems to be a different drug, Pyrotinib. Here is the trial cited: "Results of a planned interim analysis of the phase 3 PHOEBE trial (NCT03080805) in patients with previously treated HER2positive MBC were presented at 2020 ASCO." Two other trials are referenced: Poziotinib (16 mg/day orally) produced an ORR of 42% in the first 12 evaluable patients in its trial (NCT03066206). For pyrotinib (400 mg daily), the ORR was 31.7% among 60 patients (NCT02834936). Both drugs had an acceptable safety profile."

Well, there are lots of companies excited to sell us thier drugs. I hope some of them work.

"We must be willing to let go of the life we have planned, so as to have the life that is waiting for us." "If adventures will not befall a young lady in her own village, she must seek them abroad." "Buy the ticket, take the ride." Dx 2015, DCIS/IDC, Right, 3cm, Stage IIA, Grade 3, 0/1 nodes, ER-/PR-, HER2+ (IHC) Chemotherapy 1/14/2016 Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide), Taxotere (docetaxel) Targeted Therapy 1/14/2016 Herceptin (trastuzumab) Dx 2017, IDC, Stage IV, metastasized to liver, ER-/PR-, HER2+ Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Surgery Lumpectomy: Right Radiation Therapy Whole-breast: Breast

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